Tuesday, 23 May 2017

The Participation of Malaysian Silat Athletes in Sea Game 2015



1.Fakulti Sains Sukan Dan Rekreasi Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam Selangor 


ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to know the punch and topple techniques used in silat competition of the 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015, men’s semi-final match class E 65 -70 kg Singapore versus Malaysia, men’s final match class E 65 – 70 kg Vietnam vs Malaysia, men’s semi-finals match class H 80 – 85 kg Singapore versus Malaysia and men’s quaterfinal match class A 50 kg Malaysia versus Thailand. All these matches that analyse Malaysian athlete Mohd Al Juffery Jamari (Gold medallist class E) and Muhammad Robial Sobri (Silver medallist class H) and Arieffudin Ridzuan. This four matches were won by Malaysian athletes and this matches only focused on silat olahraga. For this study, silat olahraga will be analyse base on sparing or fight in the competition. Independent T-Test was used to determine the performance between the winner and loser. This analysis in term of all action hit target, hit elsewhere, miss opponent will be used to determine the technique is accurate to ensure the main factor of athlete successful.
Two pesilat perform in the matches, the technique will be analyse specific n the punch and topple. Thus, the point will be collected when the pesilat hit the target and the opponent falling to the ground. The notation analyse are used to record and notate the punch and topple hit target, hit elsewhere n miss opponent.



INTRODUCTION


Silat is a collective word of indigenous martial art from a southern Asia encompassing Nusantara. Silat can be known as a form of martial art practiced throughout the Malay Archipelago. Silat is the Malay art of combat fighting art. Silat can be divided into two categories which are Silat Martial Arts and Sports. Philippines had adjust the sport martial arts. For the real attack in silat, the athlete must have a perfect technique and prepared a well tactical to get a point by not wasting the energy and hitting the hit target Other than that, this martial art has very dangerous counter attack and the defensive system is very proper. Furthermore, the athlete body movements needed to be control to save the energy and make an effective attack
Thus, this silat sport is very unique because it’s conducted by the rule. It has a basic command which is referee also known as wasit will guide each matches, to see the athlete attacks the specific target area to earn point. Silat Sports, the pesilat learn special attacks, tactic and defensive techniques to reflect the opponent movement either attacking or defending, the athlete movement needs to be faster than opponent but in a limited move because the miss opponent attack will waste the athlete energy.

MATERIALS AND METHOD


             The data will be analysed based on the video matches Pencak Silat Tanding Men’s semi-final match class E 65 - 70 kg Singapore versus Malaysia, Men’s finals match class E 65 – 70kg, Vietnam versus Malaysia, Men’s semi-finals match class H 80 - 85kg Singapore versus Malaysia, and Men’s quarter final match class A 50 kg Malaysia versus Thailand on 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015. The source of match videos were found from Youtube. By watching these videos, the matches has been used to notated and analysed in this study. This analysis more focuses on the specific skills, which are all action categorized each of these indicators into hit target, hit elsewhere, and miss opponent. There have outcomes categories that have been showed which are hit target, hit elsewhere, and miss opponent.

Punch:
The punch attack is striking blow to the fist. In silat, punching had been used to fight the opponent. Most of pesilat used a straight punch rather than uppercut punch because straight punch is the easiest way to earn point from exponent.

Topple:
There are many variety of toppling down the opponent. Athlete can punch, kick, strike or used scissors technique to make the exponent falling to the ground.

Kick:
The kick is an attacking movement that which is performed with one leg or two legs simultaneously. There is many type of kicking such as axe kick, scissor kick, and butterfly kick but basically pesilat used a push kick and side kick because this kick is the basic technique to earn point.

Block:
The blocking movements begin with the posture position ‘sikap pasang’: the exponent stands straight with his hands around his body or close to his chest. Blocking or parrying ‘tangkisan’ can be done using arms, elbows and legs with the purpose to block off or striking back at any attack.

Sweep:
Swiping ‘sapuan’ involves attacking an opponent’s leg which is on the ground to unstabilise him and bring down to the ground. A silat exponent can perform this attacking movement either with his right or left leg, Hence, front sweep ‘sapuan depan’ is done by swinging the leg to the front to push an opponent’s front leg, while back sweep ‘sapuan belakang’ is carried out by swinging the leg backward to hit the back leg.

Dodge:
The evade ‘elakan’ technique is carried out by silat exponent when he tries to evade an attack. This technique does not require the silat exponent to touch the opponent in fending off the attack. They are many ways of carrying out his defensive movement such as dodging ‘gelek’, retreat ‘mundur’, evasion to the side ‘elak sisi’, bending ‘elak serung’, jumping ‘lonjak’, ducking ‘susup’ and etc.

Self-release:
Self-release ‘lepas tangkapan’ technique is a technique to unlock any clinch or catch from an opponent.

Fake Kick:
An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake kick to break his opponent defensive posture.

Others:
Both silat exponents are either in posture position ‘sikap pasang’ or coming close to each other using silat step pattern ‘pola langkah’. All the activities are considered high intensity except for others which at that time both silat exponents are in low intensity periods.


STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

The remark generated data will be regularity counted, and every round of data will be composed to be analyse. All the raw data collected from the all matches use the (SPSS) Statistical package social science system that produce by Shapie at al 2013. A descriptive analysis was used to determine the difference performance between the winner and loser in silat matches and all the data will be notate the mean and standard deviation.

RESULT

The result has been showed in the table below which is all action that have been analysed. There have three outcomes based on the observation from the video matches, which are hit elsewhere, hit target and miss opponent. All these matches had won by Malaysia athlete.




The first match is Men’s semi-final class E 65-70 kg Singapore versus Malaysia
Red (Singapore, Sheik Ferdous Sheik Alau’ddin) Blue (Malaysia, Mohd Al Juffery Jamari)
Action
Outcome
-
Hit elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Not Available
Total
Block

1


1
Block and Kick



0
Block and Punch




0
Block and Sweep




0
Kick
7
6
23
1
37
Fake kick



9
9
Punch
5
4
3
12
Fake punch



1
1
Self-release

3


3
Topple

2

8
10
Sweep


2

2
Catch

3


3
Dodge

14

1
15
Others



16
16
Total
12
33
28
36
109



Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
SIN
3
11.3333
11.84624
6.83943
MAS
3
15.6667
10.78579
6.22718
Table 1: The result after comparing both participant
Exponent
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Loser (R)
5
4
25
34
Winner (B)
8
28
11
47


The second match is Men’s final class E 65-70 kg Vietnam versus Malaysia
Red (Vietnam, Van Hoang Vu) Blue (Malaysia, Mohd Al Juffery Jamari)
Action
Outcome
-
Hit elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Not Available
Total
Block

2


2
Block and Kick
1



1
Block and Punch




0
Block and Sweep




0
Kick
2
16
13

31
Fake kick



6
6
Punch
5
3
6
1
15
Fake punch



2
2
Self-release

3


3
Topple

10


10
Sweep


2

2
Catch

6


6
Dodge

3


3
Others



10
10
Total
6
43
19
21
91




Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
VIE
3
11.6667
5.77350
3.33333
MAS
3
10.6667
10.78579
6.22718
Table 2: The result after comparing both participant


Exponent
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Loser (R)
5
15
15
35
Winner (B)
3
23
6
32



The third match is Men’s semi-final class H 80-85 kg Singapore versus Malaysia
Red (Singapore, Sheik Farhan Sheik Alau’ddin) Blue (Malaysia, Muhammad Robiul Sobri)
Action
Outcome
-
Hit elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Not Available
Total
Block

1


1
Block and Kick



Block and Punch




Block and Sweep




Kick
5
9
3
2
19
Fake kick



11
11
Punch
10
8
1
19
Fake punch



Self-release

1


1
Topple

1
10
4
15
Sweep


2

2
Catch

4


4
Dodge

1

1
Others



7
7
Total
15
26
15
25
80



Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
INA
3
8.3333
3.05505
1.76383
MAS
3
10.0000
3.00000
1.73205
Table 3: The result after comparing both participant


Exponent
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Loser (R)
9
11
5
25
Winner (B)
7
13
10
30



The forth match is Men’s Quaterfinal class A 50-55 kg Malaysia versus Thailand
Red (Malaysia, Arieffudin Ridzuan) Blue (Thailand, Teerapong Muntaen)
Action
Outcome
-
Hit elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Not Available
Total
Block

1


1
Block and Kick



Block and Punch




Block and Sweep




Kick
11
15
17
1
44
Fake kick



4
4
Punch
2
17
2
21
Fake punch



1
1
Self-release

1


1
Topple

6
8
9
23
Sweep

2
4

6
Catch

11
3
1
15
Dodge

2


2
Others



Total
13
55
34
16
118



Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
THA
3
16.3333
8.50490
4.91031
MAS
3
18.0000
13.00000
7.50555
Table 4: The result after comparing both participant


Exponent
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Winner(R)
5
31
18
54
Loser (B)
8
25
16
49


DISCUSSION


Based on the data that collected and result has shown, that the all matches had won by Malaysia. Basically all Malaysia athlete not using much energy compare to exponent because based on the notation we can see that Malaysia athlete not making an unnecessary move. Malaysia athlete is very good in tactical because based on the notation shown that all the tactical is same from all categories. Malaysia athlete only wait for the opportunity and when they got a chance, athlete use  the chance to attack to hit target and make sure the attack will get the point either from all the action the exponent. The data shown that Malaysia hit target is more than exponent. This four matches can describe that all the exponent is making more action like kicking and punching but all the attacking that made by exponent is wasted because they just attack without any plan and because of that the exponent get a hit elsewhere or miss opponent. Furthermore, the data shown that Malaysia athletes use all the technique perfectly and make the exponent falling down to the ground by using the correct technique and not make a simple mistake that can lead to exponent earning the point. Malaysia athlete is more aggressive in term of attacking compare to the exponent. Based on the notation, we can see that Malaysia athlete had a top performance in term of technical and tactical compared to the exponent. All pesilat had an equal level of confident, technical and tactical is more important in order to ensure the success. All these matches can describe that tactical is the main factor to ensure the victory because it’s doesn’t show that “the more you attack will make you get more point”. Athletes needs to plan and use the tactical to earn point. That is the main factor that Malaysia won the matches.

CONCLUSION

The conclusion of this study showed that the winner and loser is based on kicking hit target, punching hit target and topple hit target. This analyse has showed that the technique and tactical is the main factor for the athlete to earn the point and win the matches. All the attacking and defending technique need to be plan correctly depends on the exponent situation in order to make sure the athlete can save energy when attacking the exponent but used the limited movement and get the effective point.  Pesilat need to improve their fitness level to enhance their performance level. This study is to analyse the correct technique and methods used by Malaysia athlete. Athlete will get a better result by reducing a mistake and improving the technical can increase the performance of the athlete.

RECOMMENDATION


As we know that silat is one of the toughest martial art in the world because this combat sport requires both skill related fitness and health related fitness. Athletes need to have a balance strength because this combat sport consist upper and lower limb coordination. Thus, cardiovascular endurance of the athlete need to be well develop because this match consist of 3 matches overall but athlete had rest between sets. Besides, the technique that used in silat is also important such as in defends, blocking and self-release. Other than that, in attacking, kicking, punching and topple down. The technique need to be perfect to ensure that we can earn points and win the match.


REFERENCES


Latiff, Z. A. (2012). Revisiting Pencak Silat: The Malay Martial Arts in Theatre Practice and Actor Training. Asian Theatre Journal 29(2), 379-401. University of Hawai'i Press. Retrieved April 7, 2017, from Project MUSE database.
Wilson, I. D. (2003). The politics of inner power: the practice of Pencak Silat in West Java (Doctoral dissertation, Murdoch University).
Aziz, A. R., Tan, B., & Teh, K. C. (2002). Physiological responses during matches and profile of elite pencak silat exponents. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine1, 147-155.
Vincent, P., Nizan, M. S. M., & Julinamary, P. (2015). Motives of taking part in Malay Silat, Karate-Do and Taekwondo. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology15(3), 22-26.

A. Anuar. (1993). Silat olahraga (2nd edn.). The art, technique and regulations: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

D. Farrer. (2009). Seni silat haqq melayu: A sufi martial art Shadows of the prophet (pp. 3-42): Springer.

S. S. M. Fong, & G. Y. F. Ng. (2011). Does taekwondo training improve physical fitness? Physical Therapy in Sport, 12(2), 100-106. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2010.07.001

S. Lenetsky, R. J. Nates, M. Brughelli, & N. K. Harris. (2015). Is effective mass in combat sports punching above its weight? Human Movement Science, 40, 89-97. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2014.11.016

M. M. Shapie, J. Oliver, P. O’Donoghue, & R. Tong. (2013). Activity profile during action time in national silat competition. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts., 1(2), 81-86.

N. Shapie, J. Oliver, P. O'Donoghue, & R. Tong. (2013). Activity profile during action time in national silat competition. Journal of Combat Sport and Martial Arts, 4(1), 81-85.

A. A. Wahab. (1989). Silat olahraga: The art, techniques and regulations: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.


About Author 






  

This article was submitted by Muhammad Haziq M.S, an expert of Sport Performance Analysis & Exercise Rehabilitation.

Did you find this article useful?
Email : morziqsani@yahoo.com